BRICS, a global organization made up of Brazil, Russia, India, China, and South Africa, recently expanded to include six other countries in Latin America, the Middle East, and Africa. Now known as BRICS+, the organization is more than just a group of emerging economies in the global south. Part of the appeal of BRICS+ for China and other countries is its independence from other western- and U.S.-led economic organizations. 

In an interview recorded on September 26, 2023, Ammar A. Malik, senior research scientist at AidData, joins the National Committee to discuss how cooperation among the BRICS+ countries, and China’s involvement in the group, will impact the United States and the global economic order. 


Ammar A. Malik

Dr. Ammar A. Malik is Senior Research Scientist at AidData, where he leads the Chinese Development Finance Program. His team develops pioneering methods, such as the Tracking Underreported Financial Flows (TUFF) methodology, to track and analyze underreported financial flows from non-traditional donors to developing countries.